Organic molecules are generally relatively non-polar molecules that consist of covalent bonds. Covalent bond is a type of a bond where electrons are shared between the atoms making the bond. Due to the difference in the elements’ electronegativity, the bonds can be polar or nonpolar.
Here’s the list of most common nonmetals that you are going to encounter in organic molecules:
In this lesson, we are going to be often referring to “bonding patterns” and how those help us quickly identify the charges, molecular geometries, and reactivity of molecules.